University Unveils Plaques as ‘Significant Moment’ in Its History

Markers provide history and context for campus sites

Columns Society members tells about the History and Context plaque at Barnard Observatory. Photo by Kevin Bain/University Communications

OXFORD, Miss. – The University of Mississippi’s Chancellor’s Advisory Committee on History and Context’s work culminated Friday (March 2) with a “significant moment” in the university’s history: the unveiling of six new markers that are the product of months of study and feedback from hundreds of stakeholders.

Chancellor Jeffrey Vitter led the ceremony at the Gertrude C. Ford Center for the Performing Arts. He said that as Mississippi’s flagship university, UM has long been committed to honest and open dialogue about its history and the CACHC’s work represents that commitment in action – informed by expertise and conducted with respectful candor.

“It’s not always easy to recognize significant moments when we are in the midst of them,” Vitter said. “It can be challenging to tell the story of change and transformation while we are going through it, but we are here today to recognize that this work indeed is a significant moment of change and transformation in the life of our university.”

Officials unveiled contextualization plaques for Barnard Observatory, Lamar Hall, Longstreet Hall and George Hall; a plaque recognizing the university’s enslaved laborers in the construction of Barnard Observatory, the Old Chapel (now Croft), the Lyceum and Hilgard Cut; and a plaque contextualizing the stained-glass Tiffany windows in Ventress Hall that recognizes the University Greys, a Civil War company of primarily UM students that suffered 100 percent casualties – killed, wounded or captured.

“These plaques are daily reminders of our obligation to learn from the past and commit to an inclusive future,” Vitter said.

The ceremony featured a keynote address by John Neff, associate professor of history and director of the Center for Civil War Research. Neff served on the CACHC as well as the planning committee responsible for the unveiling event.

Neff, who received a standing ovation for his speech, said the university finds itself at a “crossroads,” a space in which many cultures around the world place great significance. Crossroads can be difficult, mysterious and perhaps even dangerous, he said. The contextualization represents a bold step forward.

“Crossroads have come to represent many things to many people, but for today, simply think of crossroads as points of decision,” Neff said.

He said the university, as a community, is the sum of its decisions and many more – all the crossroads in its lifespan. Making choices about which path to travel is not always easy, but history records those decisions.

UM student Juwan Robinson reads the text on a plaque contextualizing the enslaved labors who helped build the university’s first buildings during the ceremony dedicating history and context plaques. Photo by Kevin Bain/University Communications

The markers contextualize parts of the university’s history and acknowledge its indebtedness to the enslaved laborers who built the campus, he said. The plaques also present narratives of the lives of men who influenced the direction of decisions made throughout history. One provides context for the creation of a century-old tribute to the University Greys.

“Thus, as we confront today’s crossroad, accompanied by the perspective permitted by both history and memory, we also acknowledge that the decisions made in the past are not our decisions today,” Neff said. “By contextualizing these important aspects of our campus, we emphasize the distance we have traveled between our time and theirs, all the crossroads through which we have passed.”

The university’s decisions, actions and errors define it, and the institution meets those with new decisions and actions and corrects its past errors, Neff said. Addressing those past actions defines what the university community is, and who it will be.

“Today we take an important step, through an important crossroads,” he said. “It is only a step, but we take it with pride, carrying with us our past, rejoicing in our present and in eager anticipation of all the crossroads of our future.”

The chancellor established the CACHC in the summer 2016 to address Recommendation 5 of the university’s 2014 Action Plan, which urged the university to “offer more history, putting the past into context” and to do so “without attempts to erase history, even some difficult history.” The university’s contextualization efforts were an academically- and fact-focused process.

The task of the committee was to recommend which additional physical sites on the Oxford campus – beyond those already completed – should be contextualized, so as to explain the environment in which they were created or named. The committee was also charged with designing the content and format to contextualize the recommended sites.

In a July 6 letter to the community, Vitter shared the CACHC final report and announced the university’s response to accept the committee’s recommendations related to its charge. In the final report, the committee explained that “contextualizing the campus reminds us of the enormity and complexity of our shared past” and that “done correctly, and therefore carefully, contextualization is an additive process, not a subtractive one.”

The committee’s full recommendations, its final report, and renderings and map locations of the plaques can be found here.

Logistics and planning for Friday’s event were led by a committee made up of members of the Oxford campus community. Katrina Caldwell, vice chancellor for diversity and community engagement, and Alice Clark, interim vice chancellor for university relations, served as co-chairs.

“One of the most enjoyable aspects of the process has been talking with students over the last couple of months about their perceptions of today,” Caldwell said. “They have added a special dimension to the historical implications of looking back as we better understand our ‘now’ and as we prepare for our future.”

Student ambassadors read the text on the six new markers during the ceremony.

Besides the six sites contextualized Friday, the university will seek to rename Vardaman Hall. The CACHC found that James K. Vardaman was an exceptional case for his time and recommended unanimously to rename the building.

The building was approved for a substantial renovation in 2016 and after the work is completed, its renaming will occur through university processes and be subject to IHL approval.

The committee also recommended adding individual gravestones to recognize the sacrifice of each person known to be buried at the University Cemetery, as well as creating a marker to recognize the men from Lafayette County who served in the U.S. Colored Troops during the Civil War.

Additionally, signage at the Paul B. Johnson Commons will be altered to add “Sr.” to clarify that it is named after Paul B. Johnson Sr.

“As an educational institution, we have a responsibility to teach and foster learning, especially from parts of our history that are painful,” Vitter said. “All these outcomes emanating from the CACHC process remind us that to move forward as a community, we must neither hide from nor hide the problems of our past.”

Following the ceremony, university shuttles took attendees from the Ford Center to each of the six plaque sites, where student docents and those who served on the CACHC provided information about the plaques.